While mistakes are preventable, many times, importers have fallen in on all or some of it at one time or the other, and need serious help getting out. Although most mistakes are sometimes unavoidable for several reasons, especially in business. In this post, we put together the most common mistakes importers make and how to avoid them.
In any case, if you are or have encountered any of the mentioned mistakes, we also show you how we can be of help. Only feel free to contact us immediately for proper guides.
Running a business involving international trade can be challenging and there are many hoops to jump through. If you manage to identify these hoops early on, it’ll make running your business much easier.
Below, you’ll find a list of the most common mistakes made by importers. They’re quite simple and easily preventable though.
So, read on and stay on top of the right and avoid wrong practices.
Mistake #1: Overlooking the Importance of Shipping Terms
Not understanding the shipping terms may be one, another is completely overlooking the importance and taking them to heart. There are huge numbers of shipping terms and failure to understand the Incoterms is a major issue for first-time importers. as well as the regular shippers.
Incoterms are laws that regulate the whole of the shipping industry. They’re always used in contracts for international trade. If you don’t know what they are, you’ll risk getting underpaid, getting hit with unexpected bills, paying someone too much or perhaps even get sued.
Case in point: We’ve seen importers order on “CFR” terms (Cost and Freight) and get hit with high and unpredictable bills at the port on arrival. Importers have also ordered goods on “EXW” terms (i.e. Ex Works) not realising they have to pay for everything end to end!
Once you’ve got your head around incoterms, there is also a large amount of shipping terminology that may be used in reference to your shipment.
Different terms are used across borders – somebody in the U.S. might say one thing when a different term is used in Australia. Using the recent incoterms as a quick reference, you will be well prepared for shipping across the world.
Mistake #2: Forgetting to book in advance
Now that we are in shipping peak season, you should really book at least four weeks in advance to secure your sea freight shipment. During this period, shipping lines will be fighting much demand.
They will take more bookings than they can carry and roll some of the containers to the following week to maximise return.
If you’ve got an urgent shipment, preparation is vital.
Mistake #3: Not preparing paperwork
It is boring but could mean the difference between making money and losing money. Paperwork must accompany every consignment that comes into any country. This includes a whole range of documents like Commercial Invoices, Packing List, Certificate of origin (i.e. a document certifying the place of your goods are made).
Get your paperwork sorted before shipping your goods to minimise delays or extra nasty charges should cargo go into storage on arrival.
Mistake #4: Forgetting about Free Trade Agreement
Nigeria benefits from a range of free trade agreements with other countries. Some include an agreement with China and another with Malaysia.
Why does this matter?
Because there are benefits when trading with those countries you can take advantage of. There are also rules you must follow.
Case in point: Some clients import their goods and then forget to produce a Certificate of Origin before the goods arrive. The result? Well, the good news is that they can still get a duty refund but now they will need to hire a broker to arrange this for them and you guessed it, this introduces an additional cost.
Thus to save time and money, always check out any free trade agreements before shipping and prepare all the paperwork in advance.
Mistake #5: Not allowing enough time upon arrival
There are two steps when your goods come into the country. There’s handling by the airline/container line. Then there’s the review by customs. Both of these steps affect the time before your cargo becomes available for a forwarder to collect.
Notice how your documents might say an ETA (Estimated Time of Arrival) date and time? That’s ETA to the point of destination. The destination is the airport or port of arrival, not your warehouse door.
You should allow at least 2 days for full container deliveries, 3-6 days for loose container deliveries and 1 day for air freight deliveries after ETA. This is all subject to a clear customs status and no inspections required.
Mistake #6: Forgetting about customs charges
When importing into Nigeria, your forwarder will normally provide you with a rate excluding duties and GST. This means that you need to account for additional charges on arrival levied by customs.
These are based on the value of your goods, your commodity and country of origin.
Mistake #7: Going silent on the forwarder
When goods arrive in Nigeria, as an importer you are given a certain amount of “Free Time” to collect your goods from the wharf or airline and return empty containers back the shipping line. The free time at the port is usually 3 days from availability whereas at the airline the time can be much shorter.
Your agent, however, will be unable to collect your cargo unless duties and GSTs have been paid and all paperwork properly presented.
It is, therefore, important that you communicate with your shipping agent throughout the course of the shipment to ensure goods can be properly cleared and payment settled on arrival. So stay involved in the shipping process and be prepared to react when your goods arrive.
Mistake #8: Failing to Insure Goods
We’ve seen clients who import goods and make the decision not to insure them. Making this decision can be extremely risky. These risks go beyond the obvious externalities such as fires and natural disasters.
Other mishaps can involve improper handling of your cargo, poorly designed packaging that gets damaged when exposed to the rigours of shipping, theft during transportation, containers lost overboard, and the list goes on.
Another misconception is that freight forwarders already have the insurance covered. They don’t. Freight forwarders and carriers are largely limited in their insurance liability.
Talk to your freight forwarder or an insurance broker to know about the risks that your cargo can be subject to. Most often, protecting your cargo and guaranteeing your peace of mind is worth the extra cost, particularly if you are moving high-value cargo.
At last but not least, make sure that in your agreement between the shipper and the consignee it is clearly stated who is responsible for the insurance.
Mistakes #9: Failure to Seek Assistance
These common mistakes made by importers are just the tip of the iceberg. All shipments are different and import and export processes are constantly changing (the incoterms 2020 have just been released, for example).
In order to safeguard your cargo and save yourself from unnecessary stress, always seek professional help from an experienced freight forwarder.
Should you have any queries about importing goods from overseas to Nigeria kindly contact us for a tailored consultation or shipment.
Let’s Guide You Through the Process
Give us a call: 08147068472. Our lines are open during business hours, so you can speak to a real person. Or send an Email: [email protected]. You can also visit www.bowagateglobal.com for more details.
For your expert and professional freight forwarding, contact BOWA GATE GLOBAL LIMITED. We offer cheap (affordable), fast (swift) and reliable quality cargo services that include Import, Export, Freight, Clearing/Customs Duty Brokerage, Groupage Freight, Warehousing,Consolidation, Air Freight Consolidation, Shipping Globally, Door to Door Freight Shipping, etc.
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